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12 Bridges That Cross International Borders

Old Svinesund Bridge, (Norway-Sweden) -by RainerPrang/Pixabay.com

Bridges have been round since time immemorial, as man has tried to cross raging rivers or nice divides. From fallen timber and stepping stones, to boardwalks, rope bridges, and the engineering wonders we see at the moment, bridges have been the very important hyperlink for connecting locations. All through historical past, bridges have additionally had their justifiable share of controversy particularly once they have been the hyperlink between two totally different nations. Bridges that start in a single nation-state and finish in one other have been featured in fairly a number of movies for the roles that they’ve performed in shaping a nation’s historical past. The 12 cross border bridges listed under, might not all have grand designs however some do have a little bit of intrigue and historical past hooked up to them.

1

Svinesund Bridge, Norway-Sweden – There are two bridges 704 meters lengthy (2,310 ft.) that span the Iddefjord River connecting Norway and Sweden. The previous bridge referred to as Svinesundsbron in Swedish was opened with nice fanfare in 1946 by the king of Norway and the Swedish crown prince. Though the previous bridge had been constructed through the interval between 1939 and 1946, the opening was delayed due to the struggle. The newer model which value £46 million was constructed between 2003 and 2005 and opened for visitors on June 13, 2005.

2

Rainbow Bridge, Canada-USA – The arch bridge throughout the Niagara Gorge is a well-renowned vacationer website connecting the cities of Niagara Falls in america and Canada. Each cities on both aspect of the 440 meters (1,450 ft.) bridge share the identical identify. The bridge was formally opened on November 1, in 1941 and has since been a well-liked vacation spot for vacationers wanting a greater view of the gorgeous Niagara Falls. Submit 9/11 safety on the bridge has been tightened and strolling over the bridge shouldn’t be as straightforward because it was.

three

Frankfurt-Slubice Bridge, Germany-Poland – The River Oder serves because the border between Poland and Germany, extending for 200 miles (321 Km). The city of Slubice which is now part of Poland sits simply throughout the river from the city of Frankfurt an der Oder in Germany. The 220 meters (722ft) bridge that connects the 2 cities is an open border bridge which signifies that residents can stroll throughout to both city freely, with out having to show their nationality. Nevertheless, this was not all the time the case. In the course of the Chilly Warfare and even after the reunification of Germany till 2007, inflexible border controls made it troublesome for residents between the 2 cities to cross over. This modified in 2011 when all obstacles for Polish staff getting into Germany have been eliminated.

four

Bridge of The Americas, Panama–United States – Initially named Thatcher Ferry Bridge, the Bridge of the Americas is a cantilever bridge which has a complete size of 1,654 meters (5,425 ft). The bridge which connects Panama to america of America was as soon as a key a part of the Pan-American Freeway. Constructed between 1959 and 1962, the bridge was the primary connecting route between America and Panama till the Centennial Bridge was opened in 2004 to ease the congestion on the bridge. The clearance underneath the primary span is 61.three meters ( 201 ft) which is sort of restrictive for ships crossing beneath this bridge.

5

Guadiana Worldwide Bridge, Spain-Portugal – The cable-stayed bridge throughout the river Guardia is 666 meters lengthy and connects the city of Ayamonte in Spain with that of Castro Marim in Portugal. Accomplished in 1991, the bridge hyperlinks Portugal’s A22 motorway to Spain’s A-49 Motorway. The bridge is among the longest in Spain and the third longest bridge in Portugal. A smaller bridge 20 miles upstream, close to the Portuguese village of Pomaro, the Decrease Guadiana Worldwide Bridge, additionally connects the 2 nations.

6

Victoria Falls Bridge, Zambia-Zimbabwe – The Victoria Falls Bridge was impressed by Cecil Rhodes who instructed his engineers to construct a bridge throughout the Zambezi River in order that the trains passing by would catch the spray of the Falls. Sadly, Rhodes by no means acquired to see the bridge as he died earlier than development started. The parabolic arch was prefabricated in England after which shipped and transported to the Victoria Falls the place it was arrange in 14 months. The 198 meters (650ft) bridge which was opened on 12 September 1905 by Professor George Darwin (son of Charles Darwin), connects Zambia and Zimbabwe.

7

Puente Libertador Common San Martin, Uruguay-Argentina – This cantilever street bridge constructed throughout the Uruguay River connects Argentina and Uruguay. The full size of the bridge is three,408 meters (11,181 ft) with a bigger portion of it mendacity inside Argentina. Opened on September 16, 1976, the bridge was named after Basic Jose de San Martin, a key determine in each nation’s wrestle for independence from Spain.

eight

Tancredo Neves Bridge, Argentina-Brazil – Higher referred to as Fraternity Bridge, this hole field, cantilever bridge connects Brazil with Argentina. The 489 meters (1,604 ft) bridge constructed over the Iguassu River, was formally opened on November 29, 1985. It’s named after Tancredo Neves, a Brazilian politician who was elected because the President of Brazil in 1985 however died earlier than he took workplace. The bridge serves as a very good vantage level for viewing the Iguacu Falls.

9

Bridge of No Return, North Korea-South Korea – This quite fascinating bridge is situated within the Joint Safety Space and connects the 2 Koreas throughout the Sachong River. The bridge is not in use however has a number of historic significance. The rationale for its identify is due to Operation Huge Change, a prisoner trade settlement which befell right here after the Korea struggle in 1953. Prisoners had to decide on which aspect of the bridge they selected to stay in and as soon as that they had made their selection, there was no turning again, therefore the identify. The bridge was used for prisoner exchanges as soon as once more in 1968 when the crew of the united statesPueblo have been launched and crossed into South Korea by way of the bridge.

10

Øresund Bridge, Denmark-Sweden – Øresund Bridge which runs throughout the Øresund Strait connecting Copenhagen in Denmark to Malmo in Sweden, is the longest mixed street and rail bridge in Europe. This 7,845 meter (25,738 ft) cable-stayed bridge which begins on the Swedish coast ends on the synthetic island Perberholm which is in the midst of the strait. The remainder of the crossing is accomplished via the four km Drogden Tunnel. The rationale for having a tunnel fairly than persevering with with the bridge was to keep away from interference with air visitors from the Copenhagen Airport and in addition to offer a transparent channel for ships it doesn’t matter what the climate circumstances. The Øresund Bridge which opened on July 1, 2000, acquired the IABSE Excellent Construction Award in 2002.

11

Ogdensburg-Prescott Worldwide Bridge, Canada-United States – This pale inexperienced suspension bridge constructed throughout the Saint Lawrence River and Saint Lawrence Seaway, connects Ogdensburg in america to Johnstown in Canada, which is a number of kilometers east of Prescott. On account of its proximity to Ottawa on the Canadian aspect, the two.four km lengthy bridge is a well-liked border crossing for passenger automobiles. The bridge got here into the general public eye in 2015, when the Prime Minister of Canada on the time, Stephen Harper, made a fake pas when he stood in entrance of the bridge and praised the native shipbuilding business. The issue was that he appeared to have stood in entrance of the flawed bridge because the shipbuilding business he was referring to was in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

12

Three Nations Bridge, Switzerland-Germany-France – This 248 meter (814 ft) arch bridge is the world’s longest single-span bridge which is solely for pedestrians and cyclists. The Three Nations Bridge will get its identify due to its location between Switzerland, Germany, and France. The bridge which was opened in July 2007, was assembled in Huninge after which transported to its present location on the river Rhine.

Simply So You Know…

  • On Might 18, 2010, one of many protecting bases of the Bridge of the Americas was struck by the majority cargo ship Atlantic Hero. Fortuitously, there have been no casualties and no injury was executed to the bridge.
  • The Victoria Falls Bridge was the location for unsuccessful peace talks between the 2 nations in 1975. The events met in a practice carriage on the bridge above the gorge for 9 and a half hours.
  • The Shearwater bungee leap with a bungee swing and zip-line is situated on the Victoria Falls Bridge.
  • The Svinesund Bridge was partially destroyed in 1942 when lightning by chance ignited explosives which had been positioned on the bridge as a protection measure.
  • Residents from Franfurt an de Oder, Germany often cross over the bridge to Slubice to purchase cigarettes that are cheaper in Poland.
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